Mesothelioma Cancer or malignant mesothelioma tumor caused by asbestos fibers that are inhaled and settles in the lining of the lungs, stomach or heart. Symptoms of a person with mesothelioma can be shortness of breath and chest pain. Life expectancy for most mesothelioma patients is around 12 months after diagnosis and sometimes it can depend more on the condition of the recipient’s body.
Treatment of this disease can include surgery, chemotherapy or radiation.
Let’s get acquainted with this one cancer, the disease in the lungs that is most feared is tuberculosis, because this disease can be contagious and requires prolonged treatment. But it looks like human lungs can be infected apart from infectious diseases, apparently non-communicable diseases are also terrible.
Asbestos is the cause of this terrible disease called mesothelioma, it is suspected that if asbestos is destroyed, both during the mining process or renovation of buildings, materials containing asbestos will produce fibers or fine dust. Asbestos smooth fiber is very easily inhaled, then enters and settles in the organs of the body, especially the lungs.
How this Mesothelioma Cancer disease enters your body
If you swallow these asbestos fibers, in your body this material will move through the lymphatic system, settle, then infect cells in the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum).
If asbestos fibers settle to the lining of the lungs or pleura, pleural mesothelioma will occur (pleural mesothelioma), which is a cancer that attacks the lining of the lining of the lungs (pleura). This type is the most common type.
Peritoneal mesothelioma (peritoneal mesothelioma) is a type of mesothelioma cancer that occurs in the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum). This can happen because you have ingested material containing asbestos.
Pericardial mesothelioma (pericardial mesothelioma), which is a type of mesothelioma that can occur in the heart lining. Asbestos material that has been in the body as in the lungs, then infects the surrounding tissue. The heart is the organ closest to the lungs, so there is a high chance of contracting asbestos.
And the last is Mesothelioma testis (testicular mesothelioma), which is mesothelioma that occurs in the lining of the testicles or testicles. Why this asbestos infection can be so far from the lungs and reach the testes. Still a question ..?
In general, there are several factors that increase the risk of mesothelioma, namely:
- Work environments that are vulnerable to exposure to asbestos-containing materials, such as mineral mines, construction sites, the automotive industry, power plants, the textile industry, and steel plants.
- You live in an old building or neighborhood where the land contains asbestos.
- Have family members working in an environment that is vulnerable to asbestos exposure. For information, this Asbestos material can stick to the skin and clothing, so that asbestos can be carried into the house or other environments far from where it came from.
- Have a family history of having mesothelioma or genetic disorders that increase the risk of cancer of melanoma.
Symptoms of Mesothelioma
Mesothelioma symptoms develop gradually and usually takes 20-30 years until symptoms appear. The patient may not feel any symptoms when mesothelioma is at an early stage. But over time, cancer cells will grow and press on nerves or other organs, causing symptoms.
The symptoms of mesothelioma differ depending on the location of the presence of cancer cells. In pulmonary mesothelioma, symptoms that may appear are as follows:
- Fever is accompanied by sweating, especially at night.
- Excessive fatigue.
- Coughing with unbearable pain.
- Shortness of breath due to a buildup of fluid in the lungs, precisely in the pleural cavity, which is the space between the two layers of pleura lining the lungs.
- Weight loss for no apparent reason.
- Chest pain.
- Swelling and deformation at the tip of the finger (clubbing).
- Lumps appear in the tissue under the skin surface of the chest area.
Meanwhile, Stomach mesothelioma (peritoneal) has the following symptoms:
- Loss of appetite.
- Weight loss dramatically.
- Pain in the abdomen.
- Swelling in the abdominal area.
- A bump appears in the stomach.
- Obstruction of bowel movements and urination.
Pericardial mesothelioma and testes are very rare types of mesothelioma. Pericardial mesothelioma usually causes symptoms in the form of chest pain and respiratory distress, while mesothelioma testis is characterized by swelling or the appearance of a lump in the testicular area.
The symptoms of mesothelioma are not specific and can be caused by other conditions. Therefore, see a doctor immediately if you feel the symptoms above, especially if you have a history of asbestos exposure.