Causes of toddler bad breath and in adults in general is a disturbance in the digestive tract area. The following are the most common causes of bad breath from toddlers to parents.
please read the article, and if you experience this, you should consult a dental and oral specialist or your family doctor.
Causes of bad breath?
Bad breath is a common health problem that greatly affects the daily activities of some people. Bad odor from the mouth is not pleasant for those who make close contact with bad breath. The problem will be multiplied by psychological trauma that leads to depression. People with this problem will be isolated from the community. This can even cause marital disharmony.
Literally all humans are badbreathres. The oral cavity contains millions of anaerobic bacteria such as fusobacterium and actinomyces which act on food proteins and decompose them. This process results in the formation of offensive gases such as hydrogen sulfide, methyl mescaptan, cadaverine, skatol, etc. Putresin which causes odor. If oral hygiene is not maintained properly all will suffer from bad breath. Most of us control this by brushing, cleaning our tongue, and gargling regularly. Even after maintaining oral hygiene, some people suffer from unpleasant odors due to various reasons that must be diagnosed and treated properly.
Some common causes of bad breath
1) Poor oral hygiene
If oral hygiene is not maintained properly, the mouth becomes a seat for millions of bacteria that produce insensitive gases by lowering food debris. Bad Breath in Toddlers is severe in those who do not brush their teeth regularly and clean their mouth after eating. Snacks taken between meals can also produce bad breath due to improper cleaning.
Badbreath is common in almost everyone in the morning when I wake up. During sleep there is little production of saliva. Saliva has got some antibacterial properties that help keep the mouth clean. Saliva contains oxygen molecules that are needed to make the oral cavity aerobic. So the reduction in quantity during sleep creates favorable conditions for anaerobic bacteria.
2) Eating habits
The main cause of odor is due to the degradation of protein by bacteria and hence all protein-rich food products support bad breath. Meat, fish, dairy products, eggs, cakes, nuts, pears and so on can cause bad breath. Some food articles can produce certain types of odors that may be unpleasant. Raw onions can produce a distinctive odor. It is said that apples a day keeps the doctor away, raw onions a day keeps everyone away. Eating peanuts can also produce an unpleasant odor. But if cleaning is done properly, odors can be reduced regardless of the nature of the food. Irregular eating time can also produce bad breath. Articles of snacks taken between meals can also produce an unpleasant odor.
There is the formation of a thin sticky layer called biofilm on the tongue and oral mucosa. This layer is thick in the posterior aspect of the tongue where millions of gram-negative bacteria are seen. A thick layer on the tongue is always associated with badbreath. Even thin biofilms can make anaerobic conditions favorable for bacterial propagation.
4) Dental caries
This is a destructive process that causes decalcification by distortion of enamel and dentin which results in tooth cavitation. It is produced mainly by lactobacilli. Food particles are stored in this cavity and are decomposed by anaerobic bacteria which produce an unpleasant odor. Normal brushing will not remove food debris easily and therefore they are truly damaged. Caries often occurs in school children and in those who do not maintain oral hygiene. Lack of calcium and vitamins can also affect caries.
5) Gum inflammation
Gums are mucous membranes with supporting connective tissue that cover the boundaries of the teeth of the jaw. The main function of the gums is protection. Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums. Due to various causes of gum tissue become infected resulting in swelling, pain and vaginal discharge. If the condition becomes worse the infection spreads to the peridontal area which leads to sustained release called pyorrhoea. Several times the infection goes in producing alveolar abscess with discharge of pus. The infection can even reach the bones that cause osteomyelitis. All these conditions can produce unpleasant odors.
6) Gum retraction
When the gums pull out of the teeth a gap is developed which will place food particles and cause Bad Breath in Toddlers.
7) Dental plaque and tartar deposits
Plaque and tartar are deposited mainly in the gap between the teeth and gums. This will provide protection for food debris and bacteria that cause Bad Breath in Toddlers.
8) Lesions & ulcerative layers
Almost all ulcerative lesions in the mouth are associated with bad breath. These lesions can be caused by bacteria, viruses, food allergies or due to autoimmune disorders. Apthous ulcers are the most frequently found ulcerative lesions. Others are herpes, fungal infections, vincents angina, infectious mononucleosis, dengue fever, diphtheria, drug reactions and others. Cancerous boils produce severe bad breath. All fungal infections produce white coating (candidiasis). Leucoplakia is a thick spot on the mucous membranes of the mouth & tongue. That is considered a precancerous condition. Offensive breath is associated with this condition.
9) Salivary gland disease
Saliva is very useful for supplying oxygen to all parts of the oral cavity. Even a thin film called a biofilm can provide anaerobic conditions in the mouth. Saliva can wet these layers and create aerobic conditions that are unfavorable to bacteria. Any condition that reduces saliva production can increase bacterial activity. Several times the salivary ducts are blocked by stones or tumors. Salivary dancers are associated with insensitive odors. In suppurative parotitis, purulants coming out into the mouth cause bad breath.
Tonsils are a pair of lymphoid tissue located in the lateral wall of the oropharynx. Inflammation of the tonsils is called tonsillitis. Bad breath is seen in acute and chronic tonsillitis. Quinsy or peritonsillar abscesses can also produce bad breath.
11) Tonsil plaque & tonsillar fluid
If bad breath persists even after maintaining proper oral hygeine there is a possibility of this condition. Serous fluid secreted from folds of tonsils is very insensitive. Some patients complain that they peddle some cheesy material from the throat, which is very offensive. It forms inside tonsillar crypts which contain thousands of bacteria. In such conditions tonsillectomy provides real relief from bad breath.
12) Pharyngitis & pharyngeal abscess
The pharynx is a fibromuscular tube that forms the upper part of the digestive & respiratory tract. Pharyngeal inflammation is called pharyngitis, mainly caused by bacteria and viruses. Bad Breath in Toddlers arises in pharyngitis along with other signs such as coughing and throat irritation. Abscesses in the pharyngeal wall can also result in the release of offensive pus into the throat.
Denture users may complain of foul odors because there are small food remnants in between. Brushing teeth properly may not be possible for dentures, especially permanent dentures.
Chewing tobacco is associated with bad breath. The smell of tobacco itself is unpleasant to others. Tobacco can irritate mucous membranes and cause ulcers and layers. Gingivitis and pyorrhoea are often found in tobacco chewers. Tartar is deposited on the teeth especially near the gums. Tobacco chewers get gastric acidity by erosion. All of this causes a bad odor.
Smokers always smell bad. It can also produce lesions in the mouth & lungs that cause bad breath. Smoking increases carbon dioxide in the oral cavity & reduces oxygen levels, causing favorable conditions for bacteria. Smoking reduces appetite & thirst so that stomach acid disease is common in heavy smokers.
6) Lesions in the nose & ears
Bad breath is sometimes seen in sinusitis (nasal sinus infection). In post nasal cases, bad breath often occurs due to the presence of protein in the waste material. This protein is degraded by bacteria. Infection in the middle ear with pus coming out of the throat through the eustachian tube (traveling from the middle ear to the throat) can also cause unpleasant odors. Chronic rhinitis (infection of nasal mucous membranes) and forign bodies in the nose can also produce a foul odor in expired air.
17) Diabetes mellitus
Most diabetic patients suffer from bad breath. Tongues, ulcers & coatings are coated in the mouth, increased levels of sugar in the tissues, etc. are responsible for bad breath. Bacterial growth in diabetic patients is faster than individuals who do not have diabetes.
Bad Breath in Toddlers is common in almost all fevers. Even acute fever can produce bad breath. Severe bad breath is seen in typhus. Other infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, AIDS, etc. Produces an unpleasant odor.
19) Fasting & dehydration
Dry mouth prefers bacterial activity. So every condition that produces dryness in the mouth makes breathing insensitive. Although food particles are known to produce bad breath, fasting can also produce the same thing. Saliva production also decreases during fasting. Chewing and swallowing also helps keep the mouth clean.
20) Patients who are bedridden
The patient lying in bed suffers from offensive breath due to a thick layer on the tongue. Water intake is also limited in this patient. Food regurgitation worsens this condition. Because they talk a little bit of aeration in the oral cavity decreases which supports anaerobic bacteria to be active.
21) Stomach & esophagus disease
Reduction of gas and food produces an unpleasant odor. Abnormalities in the function of the lower sphincter can cause food to spit upwards causing bad breath. Bad breath is also common in gastritis, peptic ulcers and gastric cancer.
22) Intestinal disease
Bad breath is common in patients suffering from ulcerative bowel lesions such as ulcerative colitis. Other diseases are lazy syndrome, absorption of intestinal tuberculosis, peritonitis etc.
23) Lung disease
Lung diseases such as pneumonia, lung abscess, chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, tuberculosis, lung cancer etc. can produce unpleasant odors during expiry.
24) Liver disorders
Liver diseases such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, can cause bad breath. Severe bladder disease with vomiting also causes an unpleasant odor.
25) Psychiatric Patients
Bad breath is common in psychotic patients because of poor hygiene, irregular food habits, lack of water intake and so on.
26) Automation disorders
This is a psychiatric disorder characterized by physical symptoms that indicate medical illness. These patients present with physical complaints such as pain, difficult breathing, nausea, body odor etc. This condition was diagnosed after a detailed examination of the patient with all investigations. Because this is a psychiatric disorder it must be managed with a psychological approach.
This information is obtained from various sources, so be wise. Consult your doctor if you experience mouth disorders such as bad breath, especially bad breath in toddlers