Allergy in Teenagers
Allergy is an immune system reaction that is not normal to things that are usually not dangerous for most people. When someone is allergic to something, the person’s immune system becomes confused and thinks that the substance is damaging to the body. Substances that cause allergic reactions are known as allergens.
Examples of allergens are dust, food, plant pollen, medicines, etc. The body produces antibodies to protect itself from these allergens. Antibodies make certain cells present in the system to let chemicals mix with the bloodstream and one of them is histamine.
These chemicals then work on the nose, eyes, skin, lungs, digestive tract and produce symptoms of allergic reactions. Exposure to the same chemicals in the future triggers the same response to more antibodies, which means that every time someone comes in contact with the same allergen, an allergic reaction is generated in the body.
Allergic reactions as signs in Teenagers
Allergic reactions can range from mild symptoms such as colds to more severe ones such as difficulty breathing. Teenagers who suffer from asthma often experience allergic reactions to the flu and get an asthma attack are examples of other allergies. Some types of allergies trigger many symptoms.
Allergic reactions in very rare cases also produce a severe reaction known as “anaphylaxis” in which signs of difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, swelling of the tongue, lips and throat and dizziness. This allergic reaction occurs immediately after the system is exposed to a substance that triggers an allergic reaction such as peanuts, although some reactions are delayed by four hours.
Reasons why people get allergies can vary and one reason can be hereditary but that does not mean that children are bound to get allergies from their parents. Some common allergens include food, particles in the air, insect bites and stings, drugs, chemicals, etc.
Food allergies usually occur in infants and usually disappear as the child grows. List of food allergens including milk & milk products, wheat, soybeans, eggs, peanuts, and seafood. Some people are allergic to certain insect stings and bites. Toxins in bites are the ones that actually cause reactions and can be as serious as anaphylaxis in some teens.
Some teens are also allergic to airborne particles which are also known as environmental allergens. They are also the most common of all allergens. Examples of these allergens include dust mites, animal dander, mold spores, grass pollen, trees and ragweed. Some teens are also allergic to certain antibiotic drugs. Other common allergens are chemicals, certain chemicals present in detergents or cosmetics can cause itchy rashes in nature.
Allergists usually treat allergic problems. They may ask questions such as allergic symptoms and whether it is hereditary. They may also prescribe certain diagnostic tests such as blood or skin tests depending on the type of allergy. The best way to treat allergies is to completely avoid substances that cause allergies. However there are certain medicines and injections also available to treat allergies.
People can follow certain things to avoid allergies such as people who have food allergies that contain nuts and foods that contain peanuts in the smallest amount. Also avoid using cosmetics that contain allergic chemicals on the skin. One can also avoid airborne allergies by keeping pets in a confined area and away from the bedroom.
Change carpets and rugs from time to time. Avoid storing objects that accumulate dust. And also often clean rooms and houses.