Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), the medical term for “Acid Reflux” is defined as a product of abnormal reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus so that, causing mucosal damage, also known as chronic symptoms.
This disease attacks adults especially, while infants and children can also be affected. Usually encouraged by eating certain foods, if not pregnant, or sleeping right after a heavy meal, a large number of people suffer from acid reflux at one time or another.
Heartburn or acid indigestion is another name that refers to acid reflux. Heartburn, the main symptom of Acid Reflux in the esophagus, is described as causing burning discomfort behind the sternum.
Symptoms can include coughing, voice transformation, hoarseness, constant earache, or sinusitis. Complications caused by acid reflux can cause esophageal ulcers or worse can cause esophageal cancer.
However, the constant heartburn sensation does not always mean someone has caught GERD. The risk occurs when heartburn occurs more than once a week, this opportunity might lead to the development of GERD.
The usual cause of GERD is an increase in acidity or stomach acid production in the body, obesity, pregnancy, or tight clothing, all of these can add to the problem. Yeast infections are also considered as one of the causes of symptoms such as GERD.
An additional ironic cause of GERD is the inadequate production of stomach acid in the body. The explanation says that the valve, the hollow organ with a flap that ensures a one-way flow of fluid through the organ, after being emptied triggers acidity in the intestine. If the valve fails to open, the contents of the stomach will be mixed into the esophagus, and then irritation occurs.
Meanwhile, there are already several treatments for GERD at present, one of which is balance and healthy eating habits. Now if the right diet fails to work, one can turn to treatment or surgery as suggested by the doctors. Below is a list of some Acid Reflux treatment options:
• Proper Diet: a natural way to cure Gastric Acid is through changing their eating habits. A large number of people affected by GERD find success in following this method. Avoid food ingredients that can intensify heart burns such as caffeine, soft drinks, and smoking. Avoid eating two hours before bedtime; Likewise, avoid lying down after eating. This is a recommended lifestyle change.
• Another easy way to treat GERD is to raise the head of the bed. Pharmacological therapy, a combination of preventing food two hours before bedtime and the appearance of the head of a bed, there is a great chance for patients to get 95 percent help. The rise of the head of the bed is recommended to range from only 6 to 8 inches or 20 cm. By using this method backflow of gastric fluid will be inhibited.
• Medication Treatments: Medications reduce gastric acid secretion, for example and famotidine and omeprazole reduce gastric acid secretion and antacids ward off acids.
• Surgical treatment: Nissen’s fundoplication, standard surgical treatment for Acid Reflux, the treatment process will only cover a short time. This function is to support the sphincter, the binding of muscle balls that open and close to let food or waste pass through, and stop Acid Reflux, and of course restore hiatal hernias.