If you buy something via a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How does this work. The gums can be pushed back or lost and expose the pink tissue that covers the roots of the teeth. Receding gums is a common condition, but people often don’t notice their gums receding until late in the process.

The gums can also shrink around the teeth if they are not positioned normally. Receding gums become a health problem when the roots of the teeth are exposed, putting them at risk for decay, infection, and loss.

If people start treatment at an early stage, they can stop or reverse the gum recession process. If the recession is severe and causing symptoms, such as tooth sensitivity, pain, or infection, various treatments are available. This includes deep cleaning, treating infections, and tissue grafting.

What are the gums?

Receding gums check
Receding gums are a condition that damages the pink soft tissue around the teeth. The gums, or gingiva, are made up of pink tissue in the mouth that meets the base of the teeth. There is one gum or gingiva for each set of teeth.

Dense gingival tissue. It has a good supply of blood vessels under the moist surface, otherwise known as the mucous membrane. The gingival tissue is connected to the rest of the mouth but is pink, not shiny red.

The gums are firmly attached to the jawbone and cover each tooth tightly up to the neck. When intact, the gums cover the roots of the teeth and protect them. Gingival recession occurs after a person has lost tissue in the gums. This exposes the brittle tooth roots to bacteria and plaque and can lead to decay.


Poor oral hygiene and periodontal disease contribute to gingival recession. However, receding gums can also occur in people with good oral hygiene. Physical wear and tear on the gums and inflammation of the tissues are the main causes of recessions.

Some people may also be prone to receding gums due to heredity. These factors include the position of the teeth and the thickness of the gums.

Physical wear and tear on the gums from brushing vigorously or using hard bristles are other common causes of receding gums. Excessive brushing causes receding gums even when dental health may be better.

This type of physical recession often affects the left side of the mouth more. This is because most people use a toothbrush in their right hand and put more pressure on the left gum. The pattern also tends to affect the side gums more than the front.

Other physical factors that push the gums back include lip or tongue piercings, misaligned teeth, and tooth decay. Some people are more prone to inflammation of the receding gums because they have smoother tissue. The gum tissue that is thinner makes it more likely to cause inflammation than plaque.

When plaque builds up on the teeth, it can lead to the following dental conditions:

  • Inflamed gums: This condition is known as gingivitis and can cause periodontitis.
  • Periodontitis: This creates a space between the gum and the tooth, plus the loss of connective fibers and bone around the root of the tooth. This can cause receding gums and bone loss.

Periodontal disease is a common cause of gum recession. Periodontal disease causes loss of bone and supporting tissue around the teeth through an inflammatory reaction. Gum recession tends to affect all teeth in the same way.

Risk factors

Age is a major risk factor for receding gums. About 88 percent of people over 65 years of age have receding gums in at least one tooth. People who smoke and use tobacco products also face an increased risk of receding gums.

Genetic factors are another factor, as people who have thin or weak gums can pass on these characteristics through their genes. Diabetes can also increase the risk of receding gums.


Receding gums can cause teeth to feel sensitive to cold and heat. Many people with receding gums may not worry about this problem early on and may not realize that their gums are receding.

However, when people experience receding gums, they may experience the following:

  • concerns about changes in appearance, because the teeth appear longer and the distance between the teeth increases
    afraid of losing teeth
  • sensitivity to cold and heat due to exposed tooth roots

Most importantly, receding gums can be a symptom of underlying dental problems, including gum disease, and can increase the risk of tooth decay and tooth loss. They can also cause bad breath and bleeding gums.


Most cases of mild gum recession don’t require treatment. The dentist may provide advice on prevention and offer to monitor the gums. Teaching is effective but gentle brushing is an effective early intervention.

For people who really need treatment, several options are available:

  • Desensitizing agent, varnish, and dentin binding agent: This product aims to reduce the sensitivity of exposed tooth roots. Desensitizing agents treat neurological symptoms and help maintain oral hygiene by making brushing sensitive teeth easier.
  • Composite restoration: A dentist uses a tooth-colored composite resin to cover the root surface. They can also close the black gaps between the teeth, as shown in the before and after pictures from the British Dental Journal.
  • Pink porcelain or composite: This material has the same pink color as the gums and can be used to fill in the gaps where the gums have receded.
  • Removable gum veneer: Usually made of acrylic or silicone, and artificially replaces large areas of gum tissue lost due to recession.
  • Orthodontics: This includes treatments that slowly move the position of the teeth over a long period of time. This repositioning can improve gum margins and make it easier to maintain dental hygiene.
  • Surgery: A dental surgeon grafts tissue from another site in the mouth and the tissue heals gum recession. A person usually only needs this to treat receding gums.


Several causes of gingival recession can be prevented. The most obvious preventable causes are brushing your teeth too hard or using a hard-bristled toothbrush. Instead, people should use a soft-bristled toothbrush and avoid excessive brushing, gentle stroking.

Plaque and tartar buildup can lead to periodontal disease, so maintaining oral hygiene can also help prevent receding gums. People who have concerns about their receding teeth or gums should visit a dentist to discuss their concerns.

Gum recession occurs when the root of the tooth is exposed due to the shifting of the gums, causing the patient to complain of aesthetic problems and dentin hypersensitivity. Treatment depends on the severity and cause. In mild symptoms, it can only be given to sufferers of painkillers. In more severe conditions, sufferers are advised to make artificial gums or undergo surgery / surgery.

You should consult a dentist. So that an examination can be done to find the cause. Thus you can run the right treatment according to these causes.

adapted from the medicalnews website page